History of Punjab Folk Dances Songs Music

Punjab has a great heritage of folk dances. Read about the history of Punjabi folk dances, Punjab folk songs, and Punjabi folk music.

Like Punjab folk songs, the Punjabi folk dances are also an outburst of emotions of the people of Punjab. Every region has its own expression language. Punjabi folk dance is the bodily culmination of man's inner happiness. As the water sprouting from a spring or a fountain paves its own way, in the same way the inner happiness of human beings makes them dance. Folk dances are inherited and not taught but even there is an exhibition of rhythm and uniformity. In this fertile land with greenery all around, the rapidly changing seasons with extremes of cold and heat and a flood of foreign invasions right from the dawn of history have made its inhabitants vigorous and vital with tall, solid and robust bodies, broad chests and high spirits. The Punjabi folk dances like Bhangra, Teean Bagi, Gidda and Jhumar are native to the plains of the Punjab.

Bhangra: A typical Punjabi folk dance

The Bhangra Dance is a typical Punjabi folk dance of the agriculturist class. Traditionally this dance is associated with the harvesting season. Now it is dance for all festive occasions in Punjab. Bhangra is, perhaps, the most virile form of Punjabi folk dances, nay of almost all the folk dances of India. Starting with slow drum beats with which the dancers, clad in typical villages dresses, keep time, the tempo rises suddenly, the drum beats faster and louder, and the dancers go wheeling round. On the Baisakhi day which marks the close of the Bhangra Dance season in Punjab, the countryside resounds with the shouts of dancers.

Teean Bagi Dances Punjab

Teean Bagi dances of Punjab are very traditional Punjabi folk dances. It is an ancient custom that during the month of Sawan the newly married girls return to their paternal villages. These girls along with the other girls of the village join to celebrate the seasons through dance and music. The young husbands, who have come with the birds, are also allowed to participate. The dance usually takes place on the bank of some river or pond under big shady trees. Swings are thrown over the branches and singing and swinging and dancing start. The dancers look a medley of colour and beauty.

Gidda, a colourful Punjabi folk dance

The Gidda, a popular Punjabi folk dance, is confined to the women. It is however by no means a gentle type of dancing and evening the presentation of the most delicate sentiments, it is appealingly full blooded and vigorous. It is common during the harvest time and ceremonial occasions like marriage, birth of a son, fair etc. For its theme it has a hundred subjects, varying from the bounty of nature and legendary battles to the loneliness of a young bride separated from her husband. Gidda dance is always accompanied by reveal their socially suppressed feelings in a dauntless way by way of these bolis while dancing.

Jhumar Dance of Punjab

The Jhumar is a Punjabi folk dance dance of ecstasy, a loving response to nature's caresses. It is very usual to find a young man, his little son and old sire dancing together. Any time is Jhumar time, for it is just an ecstatic expression of the spirit’s joy. The number of dancers including the instrument player is usually about 25 to 30.

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Traditional Giddha dance dresses or costumes

Traditional Giddha dance dresses or costumes include dupatta or scarf, salvaar-kamzeez, tikka, jhumka, paranda, raani-haar, baazu-Band, pazaibs and so on. Keep reading to learn more about traditional Giddha dance dresses.

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