Guru Ram Das (ਸ੍ਰੀ ਗੁਰੂ ਰਾਮ ਦਾਸ ਜੀ): Fourth Founder Guru of the Sikhs
Guru Ram Das was born on 24 September 1534 in Lahore, Pakistan. He was the fourth guru of Sikhism among ten Gurus and he got this title on 30 August 1574. he was son-in-law of Guru Amar Dass (third Guru of Sikhism).
Family of Guru Ram Das
Guru Ram Das was born in a Sodhi family in Lahore. Hari Dass was the father of Guru Ram Das and Anup Devi was the mother of Guru Ram Das. The first name of Guru Ram Das was 'Jetha'. Wife of Guru Ram Das, Bibi Bhani, gave birth to three sons of Guru Ram Das: Prithi Chand, Mahadev and Arjan.
Contributions of Guru Ram Das to Sikhism
• Guru Ram Das kept the foundation of 'Ramdasspur' which is now popular as 'Amritsar'.
• He included 688 hymns in Guru Granth Sahib. All these hymns teach great teachings to Sikhs.
• Guru Ram Das Ji composed a four stanza hymn around which Anand Kaaraj (wedding ceremony of Sikhs) is centered.
• He also composed a very nice Bani, Laavan, describing the meaning of marriage of Sikhs. He said that two people who just sit together are not husband and wife, rather they alone are called 'husband' and 'wife' who have one single soul in two distinct bodies.
Death of Guru Ram Das Ji
Guru Ram Das Ji died on 16 September, 1581. Before his death, he allotted his successorship to Guru Arjun Dev.
More articles: Sikh Gurus and Saints