Biography and contributions of Guru Arjan Dev, fifth Guru of Sikhism.

In this article, you will come to know about the biography of Guru Arjan Dev Ji, Contributions of Guru Arjan Dev to Sikhism, Life phase and death of Guru Arjan Dev Ji.

Guru Arjan Dev Ji (ਸ੍ਰੀ ਗੁਰੂ ਅਰਜੁਨ ਦੇਵ ਜੀ) : Fifth Guru of Sikhism

Guru Arjan Dev, fifth Guru of Sikhism.
Guru Arjan Dev was fifth Guru of Sikhism. he was born on 15 April 1563 as the youngest son of Guru Ram Das and Bibi Bhani & as grandson of Guru Amar Dass in Goindval, Punjab. He was married with Mata Ganga in 19 June 1589. He became the fifth guru of Sikhism on 1 September 1581 as the successor of his father after his death.

Contributions of Guru Arjan Dev to Sikhism

• Guru Arjan Dev Ji contributed about 2218 hymns in Sri Guru Granth Sahib and thus finalizing Sri Guru Granth Sahib.
• He wrote Sukhmani Sahib Bani which is the daily prayer of peace of Sikhism.
• He also complied the holy Sikh book, Adi Granth, for the first time. In Adi Granth, he laid down the guidelines as fixed rules of religious and moral conduct to his followers.
• He developed Amritsar as a centre of attraction of people and built Golden Temple in Amritsar.
• He also founded other cities near Amritsar like Kartarpur and Taran Taaran.
• Guru Arjan Dev strengthened the Masand system which was introduced by Guru Ram Das .

Life phase of Guru Arjan Dev

Guru Arjan Dev Ji was a creature with universal love and Godly devotion in him offering selfless service to human beings. He was the kind of person to continually favoring the principles he believe in and even he sacrificed his life for the sake of his principles. He faced all tortures in his life before his death like sitting on red hot sand in heavy summers of May-June, boiled water was poured upon his naked body, etc. But Guru Ji never stepped behind off his principles and tolerated everything quietly.

Death of Guru Arjan Dev

On 30 May, 1606, Guru Arjan Dev Ji left his blistered body into the cold waves of River Ravi for his journey towards the heaven. Before his death, he nominated his don,Guru Hargobind Ji, as sixth Guru of Sikhism. Guru Arjan Dev was the first Guru of Sikhsim to be martyred.

Image borrowed with gratitude from

Related Articles

Guru Angad Dev Biography and Gospels

Guru Angad Dev was the second Sikh Guru that followed up with Guru Nanak Dev. Read Guru Angad Dev Wiki, Guru Angad's complete biography, life, works and messages here.

Biography of Guru Har Krishan Ji Eighth Guru of Sikhism

Guru Har Krishan was the eighth guru of Sikhism. This article is all about the Biography of the child Guru Har Krishan Ji who demonstrated his wisdom in a number of ways and his selfless service to mankind. Also here you can come to know about who was the successor of this eighth Sikh Guru.

Biography and life history of Guru Har Rai, Seventh Guru of Sikhism

Guru Har Rai was the seventh Guru among ten Gurus of Sikhism. He was the successor of Guru Hargobind Ji, sixth Guru of Sikhism and predecessor of Guru Har Krishan, eighth Guru of Sikhism. In this article, you can read about the biography and life history of Guru Har Rai.

More articles: Sikh Gurus and Saints


  • Do not include your name, "with regards" etc in the comment. Write detailed comment, relevant to the topic.
  • No HTML formatting and links to other web sites are allowed.
  • This is a strictly moderated site. Absolutely no spam allowed.
  • Name: