Biography and life history of Guru Har Rai, Seventh Guru of Sikhism


Guru Har Rai was the seventh Guru among ten Gurus of Sikhism. He was the successor of Guru Hargobind Ji, sixth Guru of Sikhism and predecessor of Guru Har Krishan, eighth Guru of Sikhism. In this article, you can read about the biography and life history of Guru Har Rai.

Guru Har Rai: Seventh Guru of Sikhism


Guru Har Rai was the seventh Guru of Sikhism. He was born on 16 January, 1630 in Kiratpur. He was the son of Baba Gurditta and grandson of Guru Hargobind Ji, sixth guru of Sikhism. He got married with Sulakkhani in 1640. Guru Har Rai had three children, named as Ram Rai, Sarup Kaur & Har Krishan.

About Guru Har Rai


Guru Har Rai was a very intelligent child. That's why he was the most favorite grandchild of Guru Hargobind Ji. Guru Hargobind Ji felt that Guru Har Rai is the child who can enlighten the light of Sikhism and felt that he is fit to be appointed as seventh Guru of Sikhism. Thus he nominated him as his successor before his death on 3 March, 1644.

Biography and life history of Guru Har Rai, Seventh Guru of Sikhism

Life history of Guru Har Rai


• Guru Har Rai was attended by 2,200 armed followers but he never had a fight the ruling power in existence.

• Guru Har Rai forwarded the stately style of his grandfather, Guru Hargobind Ji

• To spread the preachings of Guru Nanak Dev, he established 3 main preaching missions which are known as Bakhshishes. First one was Bhagvan Gir which was renamed as Bhagat Bhagvan. It had established missionary centers in the East of India. Second one was Sangatla which was renamed as Bhai Pheru. It had preached the teachings of Sikhism in the state of Rajasthan and in southern part of Punjab.

• Kiratpur was the permanent seat of Guru Har Rai. Disciples of Guru Har Rai were used to visit Kiratpur to seek the blessings and advices of Guru.

• Guru Har Rai continued the daily practices of his predecessors including arrangement of langars. He was used to sat in the sangatevery morning and preach the Sikhism to his followers.

• Guru Har Rai had learned the medicinal properties of various herbs. He always used those herbs to heal the injuries and wounds of animals. He was very kind for every creature created by God.

Successor of Guru Har Rai


Guru Har Rai appointed his younger son, Guru Har Krishan, as his successor before his death. Guru Har Rai died on 20 October, 1661 in Kiratpur.

(Image borrowed with gratitude from sikh-history dot com)


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