Biography of tenth Guru of Sikhism, Guru Gobind Singh Ji and the foundation of Khalsa and Panj Pyare


Guru Gobind Singh Ji was the tenth and last Guru of Sikhism. He was the predecessor of his father Guru Teg Bahadur. He appointed Guru Granth Sahib as the perpetual successor of Sikhism after him. In this article, you will read about his biography, Highlights of his life history, Foundation of Khalsa and Panj Pyare, Do’s and do not’s for Sikhs, and about his death and successor.

Guru Gobind Singh Ji was born on 22 December, 1666 at Patna Sahib (Bihar) from the womb of his mother Mata Gujri Ji. He was nominated as the tenth Guru of Sikhism by his father Guru Teg Bahadur before his arrest by the order of Aurangzeb. Early name of Guru Gobind Singh Ji was Gobind Rai. He got his Guruship on 11 November, 1675 at the age of nine after the death of his father Guru Teg Bahadur.

Highlights of life history of Guru Gobind Singh Ji

Guru Gobind Singh
• Unlike other prophets, he refused to call himself the God or the 'only son of God'. Rather he requested the public to call him as the slave or servant of God. He called all the people are sons of supreme power God.

• Guru Gobind Singh Ji was not only a saint rather he was also a great soldier who fight for the sake of protection of Dharma, humanity, peace and justice.

• Guruji treated all religions equally. An incident behind this is that after the birth of Guru Gobind Singh Ji, a person offered two bowls full of sweets in front of Guru Gobind Singh Ji. One of the two bowls was purchased from Hindu shop and another from a Muslim trader. When the two bowls were offered in front of Guru Gobind Singh Ji, he kept both of his hands on both bowls signifying that he would treat all religions equally.

Foundation of Khalsa and Panj Pyare


This thrilling incident had taken place in 1699. Guru Gobind Singh Ji sent a letter of authority (hukamnaama) to his followers requesting them to assemble at Anandpur on 30 March, 1699. It was baisakhi on that day. Sikh Guru Gobind Singh Photo Wallpaper First of all, he asked in a loud voice to the public that who is he for them. A mixed voice of everyone came, "you are our Guru". Guru Gobind Singh Ji then asked that who you are. Everybody replied, "We are your Sikhs". He then asked them that when can they for him. All said "Hukam karo, sacche baadshah". He then drew his sword out of the sheath and asked in a loud voice that was there any volunteer to can sacrifice him his head. No reply came from the side of public. He again asked the same question. But again there was deep silence on other side. He asked the same question for third time. Now a khatri of Lahore named Daya Ram came forward and said that he is ready to sacrifice his head in his Guru's service. Guru Gobind Singh Ji took him in a tent and came out with his sword full of blood after a loud jolt and bang. Guru Gobind Singh Ji again asked for a volunteer who can sacrifice his head. Now a Jatt of Delhi, Dharam Dass came forward and said that he want to offer his head in the service of his Lord. Guru Gobind Singh Ji took him also inside the tent and came out after a loud jolt and bang and with his blood dripping sword. This procedure continued for three times more. People thought that Guru Gobind Singh Ji had lost his senses. But Mohkam Chand, Himmat Chand and Sahib Chand came forward to offer their head in the service of Guru Gobind Singh Ji. Everytime, Guru Gobind Singh Ji came out of the tent with his sword full of blood but after Sahib Chand, he stayed in the tent for a long time. People thought that Guru Gobind Singh Ji had realized his mistake. But after a few moments, Guru Gobind Singh Ji came out of the tent along with all the five people dressed in new garments. They all were fit and fine and were unharmed by the Guru.

Guru took some water in an iron bowl, added some Pataashaas (पताशा) into it and mixed it with his khandaa (small double edged sword) reciting shaloks of Gurbaani simultaneously. He then offered this sweetened water to those five people to drink and called it as amrit (Nectar). Those five people are known as Panj pyare (five beloveds) of Guru. Guru Gobind Singh Ji sprinkled the nectar on the eyes and hair of panj pyare and recited loudly "Waheguru ji ka khalsa, Waheguru ji ki fateh". They all were then renamed as Bhai Daya Singh, Bhai Dharam Singh, Bhai Himmat Singh, Bhai Mohkam Singh and Bhai Sahib Singh.

Do's and do not's for his Sikhs


After this, he ordered Do's and do not's for his Sikhs
Do's
Sikhs should wear 5Ks, which are Kesh, kada, kripaan, kanga & kachcha (unshorn hairs, iron bracelet, sword, comb and underwear respectively).

• Sikhs should do mediation daily early in the morning.

• Sikhs should practice arms and should not withdraw from any battle for the sake of karma or dharma.

Do not's
• Sikhs must not cut the hairs on their body.

• Sikhs must not indulge into physical relation with any lady other than his wife, not even in dreams.

• Sikhs must not eat tobacco, alcohol or non vegetarian food like meat.

Death and successor of Guru Gobind Singh Ji


Ultimately, after an inspirational life, Guru Gobind Singh Ji died on 7 October, 1708 in Nanded, Maharashtra. He appointed Holy Scripture of Sikhism, Guru Granth Sahib as his next and forever successor on the day of his death. Thus, Guru Granth Sahib is now the perpetual Guru of Sikhism.

(Image borrowed with gratitude from allaboutsikhs dot com)


Related Articles

Guru Angad Dev Biography and Gospels

Guru Angad Dev was the second Sikh Guru that followed up with Guru Nanak Dev. Read Guru Angad Dev Wiki, Guru Angad's complete biography, life, works and messages here.

Biography of Guru Har Krishan Ji Eighth Guru of Sikhism

Guru Har Krishan was the eighth guru of Sikhism. This article is all about the Biography of the child Guru Har Krishan Ji who demonstrated his wisdom in a number of ways and his selfless service to mankind. Also here you can come to know about who was the successor of this eighth Sikh Guru.

More articles: Sikh Gurus and Saints Sikhism

Comments



  • Do not include your name, "with regards" etc in the comment. Write detailed comment, relevant to the topic.
  • No HTML formatting and links to other web sites are allowed.
  • This is a strictly moderated site. Absolutely no spam allowed.
  • Name:
    Email: